ahl al-Tustari (c.818 CE – c.896 CE) a Sunni Muslim scholar and early Sufi mystic. He was born in Tustar (Shushtar) in southwestern Iran. From a young age, he practiced asceticism, fasting, and the study of the Qur’an and Hadith. Under the guidance of Sufi saint Dhul-Nun al-Misri, he developed a profound spiritual connection with God, considering himself a special friend and one of the spiritual elect. He founded the Salimiyah theological school and gained fame for his interpretation of the Qur’an known as “Tafsir al-Tustari.” Tustari revealed the multi-layered meanings of the Qur’an, including the outer (zahir) and inner (batin) levels. He emphasized the concept of God’s remembrance (Dhikr) and trust in the Divine, leading believers to realize God’s control over their hearts.